Hair Care & Scalp Conditions

The average human head has 100,000 hairs. Hair is made in hair follicles (the root of the hair). Each hair grows for about 3 years then it drops out and a new one grows - we lose 40-120 hairs a day.

Always seek the advice of a Medical Doctor to diagnose any condition.

Please call in and ask us for a copy of the full Client Information Leaflets summarised below.

The following information is provided as general information only, always seek professional medical advice.

Once diagnosed by your Doctor, we may be able to help by:

1. helping you select the right hair care products.

2. advising what hair care treatments to avoid

3.  Offering general hair care advice.

Cradle cap ( must be diagnosed by a Doctor)

Cradle cap is the name given to the yellowish, greasy scaly patches appearing on the scalp of young babies. It is a harmless condition that does not usually itch  or cause any discomfort to the baby. 

Cradle cap usually begins in babies within the first 3 months of a baby's life and tends to last a few weeks or months. It usually clears up by the time the child is 2 years old, however, in some rare cases, children can have cradle cap for a lot longer.  once your GP has diagnosed cradle cap, your hairdresser may be able to offer some advice.


Dandruff is the most common condition affecting the scalp. The skin cells on the scalp are constantly renewing and the old cells get pushed to the surface by the new ones.

If you have dandruff, the process of skin renewal (or skin turnover) speeds up to twice the normal rate, so a greater number of dead cells are shed. The scalp becomes scaly and the skin cells shed and collect in clumps. They are noticeable when brushing the hair and can gather on the shoulders.

Dandruff mostly occurs after puberty, usually between the ages of 20 and 30, and affects males more than females. The condition usually responds very well to treatment, but will commonly reoccur if treatment is stopped.

Not brushing your hair regularly may result in dandruff as you are not allowing for the normal shedding of dead skin cells. The rate of shedding is increased if the scalp is already inflamed or itchy.

An overgrowth of yeast fungus can lead to dandruff. The condition may improve in the summer and get worse in winter.

Dandruff can be caused by nutritional deficiencies, your GP will discuss this with you.  Also, if your diet is high in sugar, and refined carbohydrates -for example, those found in white bread, and sugary cereals that have had the fibre removed, it can make the condition worse.

Seborrhoeic eczema (or seborrhoeic dermatitis) is a more severe form of dandruff that can also affect the skin around your eyebrows, nose, ears, face and forehead, your Doctor will diagnose this with you.

Hair Loss (must be diagnosed by a Doctor*)

Alopecia is baldness or loss of hair. The commonest form is male-pattern baldness (also known as androgenic alopecia), but both women and men can get hair loss.

Alopecia areata is another type of hair loss, involving patches of baldness that may come and go. It affects about 1 in 100 people, mostly teenagers and young adults.   Alopecia areata causes patches of baldness that are about the size of a large coin. They usually appear on the scalp but can occur anywhere on the body, including the beard, eyebrows and eyelashes. There are usually no other symptoms.

In some cases, hair loss is a side effect of having cancer treatment drugs, but in many cases the hair grows back.

Hair loss can lead to problems with confidence and self-esteem.

Male-pattern baldness is hereditary which means it runs in families. It usually starts to happen around the late twenties and thirties although this can vary. By the age of 60, most men have some degree of hair loss.

Male-pattern baldness is so called because it tends to follow a set pattern. The first stage is usually a receding hairline, followed by thinning of the hair on the crown and temples. When these two areas meet in the middle, you have a horseshoe shape of hair around the back and sides of your head. Eventually you may be completely bald.

Womens hair gradually thins with age but they only tend to lose hair from the top of the head. This usually gets more noticeable after the menopause. It is called androgenetic alopecia, or female-pattern hair loss, and also tends to run in families.

Always seek medical advice to determine the cause!

*Some conditions such as anaemia (disorder of the blood), illness, stress (including bereavement), fungal infections and thyroid problems can make you lose some of your hair, as well as drug treatment for cancer. Women who are pregnant or have recently given birth may also experience some hair loss. Hair loss is not caused by a lack of any vitamins in the diet.  Especially if  your hair loss does not follow the typical pattern as above you should see your GP to find out what is causing it. 

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